September 22, 2017: Treasury released the DATA Act Overview and Architecture documents. Please submit any questions or feedback to Community.
Released June 30, 2017 – A core requirement of the DATA Act is the development of government-wide data standards to ensure the reporting of reliable, consistent federal spending data for public use. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and Treasury finalized the data definition standards and Treasury used the data definition standards to develop the initial draft of the DATA Act data exchange standard, or Schema, in May 2015. Treasury collected public input and feedback from federal agencies and implemented an agile development methodology to create the DATA Act Information Model Schema (DAIMS) v1.0. DAIMS v1.1 is a minor update to transition financial assistance reporting to the DATA Act Broker, to better align with another federal government source system, and to provide clarifications for improved usability. DAIMS v1.1 will be implemented in production in fall 2017.
DAIMS gives an overall view of the hundreds of distinct data elements used to tell the story of how federal dollars are spent. It includes artifacts that provide technical guidance for federal agencies about what data to report to Treasury including the authoritative sources of the data elements and the submission format. The DAIMS also provides clarity on how the public can better understand the inherent complexity of the data.
The DAIMS Overview describes the scope and value of the data standard. The DAIMS Architecture details the data standard conceptual model, specifications, and schema management. The DAIMS architecture is designed to meet the needs of the business users and technical systems. It serves as the foundation for the DAIMS data standard. It is extensible through domain, component, element, and metadata. Additional descriptive content on the DAIMS architecture will be released as necessary. Please submit any questions or feedback to Community.
The Information Flow provides an overview of the sources of the data included in the DAIMS and how the data will be submitted to the DATA Act Broker. Treasury will maintain the current cadence for reporting federal awards on a daily and twice-monthly basis and added the quarterly reporting of financial data in May 2017. This updated model shows how the data flows from the agency financial and awards systems to the public website and will be implemented in fall 2017.
The RSS provides details on what data needs to be submitted from an agency’s financial system. The RSS contains prescriptive guidance to report appropriations account, object class, program activity, and award financial data. The award financial data contains instructions to link the data between the financial systems and the award systems using the award identification number. The RSS includes information about optional/required data, field length, and other metadata to ensure data quality. The RSS documents contain the specific instructions a federal agency will need to submit data.
The RSS includes three files that the agencies will submit to Treasury’s Broker:
Download the RSS v1.1
The Interface Definition Document (IDD) provides an overview of the award specific data elements and explains how the data will be reported or collected. Some data elements will be pulled from government-wide intermediary systems for procurement data, recipient attributes and sub award information. The IDD also includes data elements submitted by agency systems for financial assistance awards.
The IDD features the elements related to:
Download the IDD v1.1
The domain values include permissible values for a sub-set of the DAIMS data elements.
The terse labels provide shortened versions of data element names.
The diagrams are visual representations of how the different data elements are related. They show the groupings of elements and attributes.
The Data Dictionary v1.1 is a comprehensive list of data elements with definitions and some associated metadata.
A data standard contains both a human-readable version of the standard and a machine-readable version of the standard. The XBRL Schema files are the machine-readable version of the DATA Act standard.
The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (FFATA) and DATA Act outline the required information for federal spending transparency reporting. These requirements were translated into core data definition standards that were standardized with feedback from the federal community and external stakeholders. The finalized definitions and background information for these elements are available on the Data Elements Page.